There are 6 Sunnah acts of ablution:

Whatever acts done in addition to the obligatory acts of ablution are deemed desirable are called the Sunnah acts of ablution; he who observes them will be rewarded and there will be no blame upon him who refrains from observing them. Hence, scholars call such acts as the acts of the Sunnah to be observed during ablution, or the desirable practices of ablution.

  1. Using siwak (tooth-stick) during ablution.
    In particular, siwak is to be used while rinsing the mouth with water during ablution, in order to ensure the cleanness of the mouth and to be ready for worshiping Allah, reciting His Ever-Glorious Book, Qur’an and invoking Him, Almighty and Ever-Majestic be He.
  2. Starting ablution with washing the hands 3 times,
    before washing the face, as enjoined in various hadiths. This is also because the hands are the means through which one dips out water and washes the other organs, so washing the hands is regarded as insurance and a prerequisite for the purity of all the other parts of ablution.
  3. Starting with rinsing the mouth and the nose, before washing the face,
    as stated in various hadiths. When one is not in a state of fasting, one should rinse them inside and out (making water spread all through the mouth, and sniffing water when rinsing the nose).
  4. Inserting one’s wet fingers into one’s (thick) beard,
    ensuring that water reaches all its parts, and washing one’s fingers and toes well, especially between them.
  5. Starting with the right organs before the left
    (as in washing the hands and the feet).
  6. Washing the face, hands and feet up to 3 times instead of once.

Thus, we have tackled the conditions, the obligatory acts, and the acts of the Sunnah to be observed during ablution. So, you, gentle reader, should learn them, and keep observing them whenever you perform ablution to ensure the legal perfection and validity of your ablution as well as the reward for it.

Also read – The Obligatory Acts of Ablution
And read – How to Perform Ablution?

SOURCEIslamic Jurisprudence - Dr. Salih Al-Fawzan
He is a member of the Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatawa in Saudi Arabia, a committee of the Council of Senior Scholars. The Council issues rulings in Islamic jurisprudence and prepares research papers for the Council of Senior Scholars.